Tarts. Cream puffs. Napoleons. Many mouth-watering bakery treats rely on puff pastry—but have you ever thought to recreate the flaky goodness for yourself? Sure, making puff pastry can be a seriously intimidating endeavor for novice and advanced pastry chefs alike, however, with attention to detail, some practice, and a little help from an expert, even individuals with zero experience can master delicate, flaky puff pastry—successfully overcoming what many consider one of the most challenging culinary feats.
To help you reach this goal, we’ve enlisted the help of top pastry chef Nick Malgieri. His cookbook Nick Malgieri’s Pastry: Foolproof Recipes for the Home Cook (Kyle Books, 2015) details clear, step-by-step instructions for every type of pastry dough you can imagine. Here, we’ve provided Nick’s instructions on how you can successfully create that ever-elusive perfect puff pastry. Give it a try and be sure to check out the rest of the amazing recipes in Nick’s book.
How to Make Puff Pastry
What You’ll Need:
- 2 1/3 cups unbleached all-purpose flour
- 6 tablespoons unsalted butter, softened
- 2/3 cup cold water, plus about 1 tablespoon more if necessary
- 1 tablespoon fine sea salt
- 1/4 cup unbleached all-purpose flour
- 2 1/4 sticks unsalted butter, cold
1. For the dough, combine the flour and butter in a bowl and rub in the butter so that no visible pieces remain. Don’t mix so much that it starts to become pasty. Stir the water and salt together and sprinkle all over the flour. Use a rubber spatula to dig to the bottom of the bowl and bring up the un-moistened flour, turning the bowl as you go. Don’t exert pressure on the dough, just bring the spatula up from the bottom of the bowl. After 10 or 12 strokes, if there are any dry bits of flour remaining, sprinkle a few drops of water until they adhere to the main mass of dough.
2. Scrape the dough from the bowl to a lightly floured surface and dust the top with flour. Use your hands, the straight side of a bench scraper, and a ruler to shape the dough into an 8-inch square. Wrap the dough in plastic and chill for 1 hour.
3. Shortly before the hour is up, prepare the butter block: Scatter half the flour on the work surface and cut the butter into 5 or 6 pieces. Turn the pieces in the flour to coat them and use a rolling pin to gently pound each piece of butter to soften it. Once all the butter has been pounded, scatter on some of the remaining flour, dusting the work surface again if necessary; stack one piece of butter on another and use the rolling pin to hammer them together. Repeat, adding the remaining pieces of butter to the stack. Scatter on the last of the flour, then quickly knead the butter into a solid mass and use your hands, the straight side of a bench scraper, and a ruler to shape the butter into an 8-inch square.
4. Set the butter aside for a moment, scrape the surface free of any sticky bits of butter, and flour it. Unwrap the dough and place it on the work surface; flour the dough and roll it evenly to an 8 x 16-inch rectangle, with a short edge near you.
Brush away any excess flour on the dough’s surface and place the butter on the end closest to you. Fold the dough down to enclose the butter…
…and pinch the edges of the dough together.
5. Flour under and on top of the dough and use the rolling pin to start pressing the package of dough and butter in a succession of gentle and even strokes, moving from the closest edge to the farthest edge. Gently roll the dough in one direction, starting at the end nearest to you and without going over the opposite edge. Repeat, rolling from the far end back toward yourself. Repeat the rolling once more and make the dough an 8 x 16-inch rectangle.
6. Brush excess flour from the dough, then fold both narrow ends toward the middle, leaving about a 1/2-inch space between them.
Fold the dough in half along that center line to make 4 layers.
7. Position the folded package of dough so that the closed fold, resembling the spine of a book, is on your left. Repeat step 5, this time rolling across as well as lengthwise, until the dough is as close to 8 x 16 inches as possible. Repeat step 6.
8. Wrap and chill the dough for an hour or so. If you wait longer, you will need to let the dough soften slightly at room temperature before completing the rolling and folding process.
9. When ready to resume rolling, repeat step 7 twice more.
10. You’ve now rolled and folded the dough 4 times, giving it 4 “turns.” Wrap and chill the dough for at least half a day. After this, it’s ready to be used in any recipe that calls for it.
Recipes to Try with Your Puff Pastry: