You are here: Home » Recipes » Roast Chicken from Monticello Roast Chicken from Monticello Recipe by Our Cookbook CollectionKitchen Tested Yield 4 servings Prep 30 mins Cook 50 mins Roast chicken, the workhorse of the family menu -- crisp-skinned, juicy and golden. PrintEmail Ingredients 1 young chicken (preferably less than 2½ pounds, but no more than 3½ pounds) Salt Whole black pepper in a pepper mill2 tablespoons unsalted butter2 tablespoons chopped fresh parsley Instructions Position a rack in the center of the oven and preheat the oven to 500 degrees for at least 20 minutes. Wash the chicken inside and out under cold running water and pat dry. Liberally rub it inside and out with salt and several grindings of pepper. Let it rest at room temperature until the oven is ready, about 30 minutes. Lightly butter a heavy oval roasting pan that is a little bigger than the chicken. Lightly rub the bird’s breast with butter and put it in the pan breast side up. Roast 10 minutes. Baste well with butter and, using tongs and a carving fork, turn it onto one side. Reduce the heat to 400 degrees and roast 10 minutes. Carefully turn it onto the other side, basting with more pan juices, and roast 10 minutes more. Gently turn it breast side down, baste with pan juices, and cook for about 15 to 20 minutes more, or until the juices run clear and a meat thermometer inserted between the thigh and body registers 160 degrees. When it is done, turn it breast side up and let the skin brown, about 5 minutes more. Remove the chicken to a warm serving platter. Spoon off as much fat as possible from the drippings and pour them over the bird. Sprinkle with chopped parsley. Recipe from Dining at Monticello: In Good Taste and Abundance, edited by Damon Lee Fowler and published by the Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Inc., 2005. Distributed by the University of North Carolina Press.