You are here: Home » Recipes » Brined and Roasted Chicken with Lemon Brined and Roasted Chicken with Lemon Yield 4 servings Prep 20 mins Cook 25 mins Lemon and rosemary are perfect complements to roasted chicken. National Chicken Council PrintEmail Ingredients 1 -- whole chicken, 3 1/2 to 4 pounds1/4 cup sugar1/2 cup salt2 tablespoons butter2 -- lemons4 sprigs rosemary2 tablespoons olive oil1/2 teaspoon salt1/2 teaspoon black pepper Instructions In large stock pot, combine sugar and salt. Add 8 to 10 cups of water and stir until dissolved. Pl * Instructionsace chicken in pot. (If chicken isn’t submerged completely with water, add additional water just until the chicken is covered.) Cover pot and place in refrigerator for 24 hours. In large frying pan over medium heat, melt butter. Add lemon slices and cook, turning occasionally, until lemons begin to caramelize and turn light golden, about 10 to 15 minutes. Remove from pan and set aside to cool. Preheat oven to 400F. Using paper towels, dry chicken thoroughly. Using fingers, carefully separate the skin from the flesh of the chicken by running fingers over breast and thigh. Do not tear skin of chicken. Insert lemon slices underneath the skin of the chicken, placing them over the breast and thigh. Place rosemary inside the cavity of the chicken. Brush chicken with olive oil and season outside well with remaining salt and black pepper. Place chicken in oven and bake until it begins to take on color, about 15 minutes. Reduce heat to 350 degrees F. and continue to cook until juices run clear when a skewer is inserted into the thickest part of the thigh, or until meat thermometer registers 180 F, about one hour to one hour and twenty minutes more (depending on size of bird). Remove from oven and let rest 10 minutes before serving. Adapted from More Cooking in the Wine Country by Joanne Weir, Simon and Schuster, 2001.